Improvement of Local Speciality Rices as a Boon to Health, Wealth and Export Diversity: Case of Kalanamak Rice


Ram Chet Chaudhary*, Ravindra Kumar, Shiv Badan Mishra, Anjali Sahani and Ashok Kumar Srivastava

Participatory Rural Development Foundation (PRDF), 59 Canal Road,
Shivpur – Shahbazganj, Gorakhpur 273014, India
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Volume 15(Special Issue), 2022   ;   Click here for Pdf



A blessing from Lord Buddha some 3,000 years ago, and now a heritage rice of Uttar Pradesh, India is valued for its aroma, taste and nutritive quality. Its cultivation declined from 50,000 ha to less than 2,000 ha and was at the verge of extinction. No attention was paid for improving Kalanamak and it survived as landrace due to the mercy of the farmers. PRDF collected, catalogued and conserved 250 accessions of Kalanamak, and the best one, through Pureline selection, was released in 2007 and notified in 2010 as KN 3. Mutation breeding using gamma rays and EMS gave many academically interesting mutants but no high yielding dwarfs. Hybridization of KN 3 with Swarna Sub1 and Improved Sambha Mahsuri yielded varieties like Bauna Kalanamak 101, Bauna Kalanamak 102 and Kalanamak with shorter duration and 50% higher yield, released and notified in years 2016, 2017 and 2019 respectively. Protocol for organic production with higher yield was developed and certification under PGS arranged. Kalanamak is sugar-free with 49 to 52% Glycemic Index, 11% protein, 3 times higher Iron and 4 times higher Zinc. It is unique rice to have Vitamin A in form of Beta Carotene. Kalanamak is backed by Geographical Indication and PPV&FRA, and selling at five times higher price of common rice tripling farmers’ income. Now exported to Singapore, Nepal and Dubai has opened door to prosperity and added diversity to Basmati for export. This success story can be repeated for other land rices of speciality status.


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