Characterization of Engineered Zinc Oxide (ZnO) Nanoparticles Using Different Techniques


Srivalli C¹,², Gobinath R¹*, Tedia K², Surekha K¹,Manasa V¹, Brajendra¹,Latha PC¹,Bandeppa¹ and Vijayakumar S¹

1 Department of Soil Science, ICAR-Indian Institute of Rice Research, Hyderabad-500030 

2 Department of Soil Science, Indira Gandhi Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Raipur, Chattisgarh- 492012 *Corresponding author Email:

Volume 16-(2), 2023   ;   Click here for Pdf

Received : 10th August, 2023; Accepted: 12th September, 2023


The characterization of chemically fabricated zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles, involved the utilization of diverse techniques for characterization. The utilization of X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) (FTIR) in the assessment of zinc nanoparticles unveiled their crystalline structure and high purity. Results exhibited that ZnO nanoparticles had a flattened spherical morphology with a textured surface, demonstrating an average size spanning from 80 to 130 nm and well-organized with minimal aggregation was observed using SEM imaging. The TEM analysis corroborated the particle size determined through XRD, indicating a dimension of around 65 nm. Notably, FTIR analysis unveiled discernible peaks, with a specific narrow band observed at 3450 cm-1, confirming the presence of Zn-O bonds. These findings indicate that engineered ZnO particles were confined to the nano range, which has potential application in agricultural fields as nutrient carriers.