Estimation of Genetic Diversity by Principal Component Analysis of Yield Attributing Traits in Katarni Derived Lines


Divya Mahto¹ , Singh PK ², Rabiya Parveen³ , Sareeta Nahakpam4 and Mankesh Kumar5*

1, 3 &5Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur, Bihar

Director, Seed and Farms, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bihar 

Department of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bihar

*Corresponding author’s Email:

Volume 15(2), 2022   ;   Click here for Pdf

Received: 12th September 2022; Accepted: 30th October 2022



Katarni is a non-basmati traditional aromatic rice cultivar being grown in the Bhagalpur, Banka, and Munger districts of Bihar. However, it is weak-strawed, tall, prone to lodging, and late maturing. Attempt was made to develop a semi-dwarf and early maturing lines of Katarni by crossing with three semi-dwarf high-yielding cultivars and was advanced to F5 generation. In this study, 54 derived lines of Katarni were studied on the basis of 14 morphological traits. Five principal components (PCs) were observed which contributed 70% of cumulative variability and exhibited Eigenvalues> 1. The first PC (23.31%) and the second PC (35.59%) showed a cumulative variation of 63.90%. On the basis of genotype by trait biplot analysis, flag leaf length, plant height, and fragrance were found to be strongly positive. Genotypes biplot study revealed diverse genotypes like KIR-46 KIR-48, KRS-39, KRS-43, KRS-15, KRS-19, KRS-8, KRS-25, and KMTU-52 which can be further exploited for varietal development.