Impact of Farmers’ Participatory Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Demonstration Programme on Crop Yield and Economics Under Temperate Hill Ecology


Tasneem Mubarak¹*, Ab. Shakoor Khanday² and Haseeb-ur-Rehman²

1 Mountain Research Center for Field Crops, SKUAST-Kashmir 

2 Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kulgam, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agriculture Science and Technology of Kashmir (J&K) India-192233 

*Corresponding author Email:

Volume 16-(2), 2023   ;  Click here for Pdf

Received : 16th October, 2023; Accepted : 15th November, 2023


There exists a gap between the potential yield and the yield realized in farmers’ field in India. Situation is no different in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir. With an aim to narrow down the yield gaps Farm Science Center Kulgam-SKUAST, Kashmir conducted 63 frontline demonstrations on Shalimar Rice-4, a high yielding disease tolerant variety in the lower plains of Kashmir valley from year 2019-2021. Results of these demonstrations revealed a significant improvement in yield and higher monetary returns with the introduction of new varietyy. Average crop yield (73.8 q ha-1) was 15.5% higher in improved practice compared to farmers’ practice (63.9 q ha-1). An extension gap of 9.9 q ha-1 and a technology gap of 6.2 q ha-1 were observed in the study. Net returns were Rs. 129243 ha-1 in farmers practice against Rs.146815 ha-1 in technology demonstrated, indicating an additional income of Rs. 17572 ha-1 and effective gain of Rs. 14812 ha-1 in the latter. Higher benefit: cost ratio (2.9) was registered in improved practice compared to farmers practice (2.7).