Efficient Nitrogen Management Technologies for Sustainable Rice Production


Vijayakumar S¹*, Lokesh Goud D² , Hareesh Reddy CH², Mahender Kumar R¹ and Sundaram RM¹ Jomo 

ICAR-Indian Institute of Rice Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, 500030 

Amity Institute of Organic Agriculture, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201313

*Corresponding author’s Email: vijayakumar@icar.gov.in, vijitnau@gmail.com

Volume 15(2), 2022   ;  https://doi.org/10.58297/VZZH6068   Click here for Pdf

Received: 15th September 2022; Accepted: 18th November 2022 



The use of nitrogen (N) fertilizers in rice fields as a source of nutrition is the major source of emission of nitrous oxide (N2O). Two key factors which control the flux of N2O at the field level are the amount of N supplied and the efficiency at which it is absorbed by plants. To reduce the N2O emissions, optimum N fertilizer application (in terms of input rate and time of application) and ideal fertilizer selection are crucial. Optimizing N-use efficiency (NUE) is crucial to sustain productivity and profitability. Depending on edaphic and climatic conditions, improved N management can dramatically cut greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions. Producers must ensure that the kind, rate, and time of N application do not result in substantial losses owing to volatilization, leaching, or denitrification. Adoption of best nitrogen management practices like deep placement of urea, use of nitrification inhibitors, urease inhibitors, and slow-release nitrogen fertilizers will reduce the N loss and increase NUE. The goal of this review is to discuss in detail the various technologies that have been developed and refined to improve NUE and protect the environment.