Assimilate Partitioning and Photosynthetic Parameters of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Response to Salicylic Acid Application


Manjinder Singh¹* , Navita Ghai¹ , and Buta Singh Dhillon²

1 Department of Botany, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana- 141004, Punjab, India 

2 Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana- 141004, Punjab, India 

*Corresponding author Email:

Volume 16-(1), 2023   ;     Click here for Pdf

Received: 28th January, 2023; Accepted: 3rd March, 2023


Salicylic acid (SA), a signaling molecule is known to affect various physiological processes like growth and development, photosynthesis, absorption and translocation of assimilates etc. Therefore, an experiment was conducted to study the effect of salicylic acid on assimilate partitioning and yield of rice. The experiment comprised of 14 treatments replicated thrice in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). Foliar application of SA @ 50, 100, 150 & 200 µg ml-1 was done at boot leaf stage (BL), one week after boot leaf stage (1WABL) and at BL + 1WABL. Treatment of water spray and unsprayed (control) were also included. Findings reveal that application of 100 µg ml-1 SA at BL + 1WABL resulted in the highest grain yield, which was statistically similar to 150 µg ml-1 SA at BL + 1WABL. The higher productivity under respective treatments can be ascribed to higher crop growth rate, relative growth rate, net assimilation rate and improvement in partitioning of dry matter from vegetative parts to grains due to improved vascularization. Also there was improvement in photosynthetic efficiency in terms of total chlorophyll content; carotenoid content and Hill reaction activity under SA treated plots. Thus, the productivity enhancement in rice can be achieved through 2 foliar sprays of salicylic acid @ 100 µg ml-1 each at boot leaf stage + one week after boot leaf stage.